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Cruise ships add new dimension to LNG passenger fleet

Tue 25 Apr 2017 by Mike Corkhill

Cruise ships add new dimension to LNG passenger fleet
Caledonian MacBrayne takes delivery of two LNG-fuelled ferries next year

In this first of our four sector-specific guides to the world's LNG-fuelled tonnage, Mike Corkhill looks back at a year of booming passenger ship orders.

There are more passenger ships in the LNG-powered fleet than any other type of vessel. LNG World Shipping’s latest LNG-fuelled fleet review shows that as of 20 March 2017 there were 40 such passenger ships in service, compared with 30 a year ago, and 32 on order, up from 23.

The 36 per cent annual jump in the combined in-service and on-order passenger ship fleet owes much to the interest in clean-burning LNG as a marine fuel by the leading cruise ship operators. Carnival Group, MSC Cruises and Royal Caribbean Cruises have ordered an aggregate 13 gas-burning newbuildings for delivery between 2019 and 2026.

Cruise ships spend, on average, 40 per cent of their time in port and the remainder in coastal waters and regional seas moving between ports. The scheduled itineraries for many of these ships fall within emission-control areas (ECAs) where restrictions on atmospheric pollution levels are particularly strict.

Another consideration for cruise ship owners was the IMO decision in October 2016 to introduce the 0.5 per cent global sulphur cap in 2020 rather than the alternative 2025 date. Against this background, the companies mentioned above have chosen LNG as the optimum propulsion system fuel for their newbuildings.

The appearance of cruise ships in the LNG-fuelled fleet listing is also indicative of the trend towards the specification of larger vessels among today’s newbuilding contracts. Whereas the longest-serving LNG-fuelled passenger vessels are small Norwegian cross-fjord ferries, the concept of LNG as marine fuel is now winning favour much more widely.

As an example, the four 180,000gt vessels that AIDA and Costa, both Carnival Group companies, have on order at the Meyer Papenburg and Meyer Turku yards will be able to carry up to 6,600 passengers, the largest guest capacity of any cruise ship yet built.

Each ship will be fitted with three Type C LNG bunker tanks with a total capacity of 3,600m3, enabling their dual-fuel engines to operate on gas for up to 14 days before the need for replenishment.

Despite the entrance of cruise ships onto the LNG-fuelled fleet stage, roro ferries continue to dominate the passenger vessel listings. Aside from the cruise ships and three passenger-only ferries serving Oslo, all the other vessels in this segment are ferries able to accommodate vehicles and passengers. This in-service and on-order complement includes four high-speed catamarans.

Because passenger/car ferries usually shuttle between two ports, putting the necessary LNG bunker supply arrangements in place is relatively straightforward. Norway was the only player during the early days of LNG-fuelled ferries but has since been joined by Sweden, Finland, Germany, Denmark, Argentina, Canada and Estonia.

The orderbook shows that Scotland, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands and France are soon to introduce LNG-powered passenger/car ferries. And, judging from the current intense level of project development work worldwide, this looks like only the start of an evolving gas ferry network.
 

LNG-fuelled passenger ships, on order and on the water, March 2017

  STATUS SHIP NAME SHIP TYPE DELIVERY DATE OWNER SHIPBUILDER ENGINE PROPULSION  CLASS SOCIETY
1 In service Glutra Car pax ferry 2000 Fjord1 Langstein Mitsubishi Gas DNV GL
2   Bergensfjord Car pax ferry 2006 Fjord1 Aker Yards Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
3   Stavangerfjord Car pax ferry 2007 Fjord1 Aker Yards Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
4   Raunefjord Car pax ferry 2007 Fjord1 Aker Yards Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
5   Mastrafjord Car pax ferry 2007 Fjord1 Aker Yards Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
6   Fanafjord Car pax ferry 2007 Fjord1 Aker Yards Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
7   Tidekongen Passenger ferry 2009 Tide Sjø STX Europe Lorient Mitsubishi Gas + oil DNV GL
8   Tidedronnigen Passenger ferry 2009 Tide Sjø STX Europe Lorient Mitsubishi Gas + oil DNV GL
9   Tideprinsen Passenger ferry 2009 Tide Sjø STX Europe Lorient Mitsubishi Gas + oil DNV GL
10   Moldefjord Car pax ferry 2009 Fjord1 Remontowa Mitsubishi Gas + oil DNV GL
11   Fannefjord Car pax ferry 2010 Fjord1 Remontowa Mitsubishi Gas + oil DNV GL
12   Romsdalfjord Car pax ferry 2010 Fjord1 Remontowa Mitsubishi Gas + oil DNV GL
13   Korsfjord Car pax ferry 2010 Fjord1 Remontowa Mitsubishi Gas + oil DNV GL
14   Selbjornsfjord Car pax ferry 2010 FosenNamsos Sjø Fiskerstrand BLRT Mitsubishi Gas + oil DNV GL
15   Tresfjord Car pax ferry 2011 Fjord1 Fiskerstrand BLRT Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
16   Boknafjord Car pax ferry 2012 Fjord1 Fiskerstrand BLRT Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
17   Landegode Car pax ferry 2012 Torghatten Nord Remontowa Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
18   Værøy Car pax ferry 2012 Torghatten Nord Remontowa Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
19   Barøy Car pax ferry 2013 Torghatten Nord Remontowa Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
20   Lødingen Car pax ferry 2013 Torghatten Nord Remontowa Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
21   Viking Grace Car pax ferry 2013 Viking Line STX Turku Wärtsilä DF LR
22   Stavangerfjord Car pax ferry 2013 Fjord Line Remontowa Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
23   Bergensfjord Car pax ferry 2013 Fjord Line Remontowa Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
24   Francisco High-speed ferry 2013 Buquebus Incat GE gas turbine Gas DNV GL
25   Hardanger Car pax ferry 2013 Norled Remontowa Mitsubishi Gas DNV GL
26   Ryfylke Car pax ferry 2013 Norled Remontowa Mitsubishi Gas DNV GL
27   FA Gauthier Car pax ferry 2015 STQ Quebec Fincantieri Wärtsilä DF LR
28   Osfriesland* Car pax ferry 2015 AG Ems Cassen Eils Wärtsilä DF GL
29   Helgoland Car pax ferry 2015 AG Ems Cassen Eils Wärtsilä DF GL
30   Samsø Car pax ferry 2015 Samsø Municipality Remontowa Wärtsilä DF DNV GL
31   Hasvik Car pax ferry 2015 Boreal Transport Fiskerstrand Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
32   Bergsfjord Car pax ferry 2015 Boreal Transport Fiskerstrand Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
33   Armand-Imbeau II Car pax ferry 2016 STQ Quebec Davie Sb Wärtsilä DF LR
34   Jos-Deschênes II Car pax ferry 2016 STQ Quebec Davie Sb Wärtsilä DF LR
35   Seaspan Swift Car pax ferry 2016 Seaspan Sedef Wärtsilä DF BV
36   Seaspan Reliant Car pax ferry 2017 Seaspan Sedef Wärtsilä DF BV
37   Abel Matutes* Car pax ferry 2017 Baleària unnamed Rolls-Royce Gas BV
38   Salish Orca Car pax ferry 2017 BC Ferries Remontowa Wärtsilä DF LR
39   Salish Eagle Car pax ferry 2017 BC Ferries Remontowa Wärtsilä DF LR
40   Megastar Car pax ferry 2017 Tallink Meyer Turku Wärtsilä DF BV
                   
1 On order Salish Raven Car pax ferry 2017 BC Ferries Remontowa Wärtsilä DF LR
2   unnamed Car pax ferry 2017 Rederi AB Gotland Guangzhou International Wärtsilä DF DNV GL
3   unnamed Car pax ferry 2018 Rederi AB Gotland Guangzhou International Wärtsilä DF DNV GL
4   unnamed Car pax ferry 2018 CalMac Ferguson Wärtsilä DF LR
5   unnamed Car pax ferry 2018 CalMac Ferguson Wärtsilä DF LR
6   unnamed Car pax ferry 2018 Torghatten Nord Vard Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
7   unnamed Car pax ferry 2018 Torghatten Nord Vard Rolls-Royce Gas DNV GL
8   Bencomo Express* High-speed ferry 2018 Fred Olsen Navantia Caterpillar DF unnamed
9   unnamed Car pax ferry 2018 Caronte Sefine Shipyard unnamed DF unnamed
10   unnamed High-speed ferry 2018 Doeksen Strategic Marine MTU Gas unnamed
11   unnamed High-speed ferry 2018 Doeksen Strategic Marine MTU Gas unnamed
12   unnamed Car pax ferry 2018 Baleària CN Visentini Wärtsilä DF unnamed
13   unnamed Car pax ferry 2018 Baleària CN Visentini Wärtsilä DF unnamed
14   unnamed Car pax ferry 2019 Baleària Navantia Wärtsilä DF unnamed
15   unnamed Car pax ferry 2019 Baleària Navantia Wärtsilä DF unnamed
16   Spirit of British Columbia* Car pax ferry 2018 BC Ferries Remontowa Wärtsilä DF LR
17   Spirit of Vancouver Island* Car pax ferry 2019 BC Ferries Remontowa Wärtsilä DF LR
18   unnamed Car pax ferry 2019 Brittany Ferries Flensburger unnamed DF unnamed
19   unnamed Car pax ferry 2020 Viking Line Xiamen Shipbuilding unnamed DF unnamed
20   unnamed Cruise ship 2019 AIDA (Carnival Group) Meyer Papenburg Caterpillar/MaK DF DNV GL
21   unnamed Cruise ship 2021 AIDA (Carnival Group) Meyer Papenburg Caterpillar/MaK DF DNV GL
22   unnamed Cruise ship 2019 Costa (Carnival Group) Meyer Turku unnamed DF unnamed
23   unnamed Cruise ship 2021 Costa (Carnival Group) Meyer Turku unnamed DF unnamed
24   unnamed Cruise ship 2020 P&O Cruises (Carnival Group) Meyer Turku or Papenburg unnamed DF unnamed
25   unnamed Cruise ship 2020 Carnival Cruise Line Meyer Turku or Papenburg unnamed DF unnamed
26   unnamed Cruise ship 2022 Carnival Cruise Line Meyer Turku or Papenburg unnamed DF unnamed
27   unnamed Cruise ship 2022 MSC Cruises STX France unnamed DF unnamed
28   unnamed Cruise ship 2024 MSC Cruises STX France unnamed DF unnamed
29   unnamed Cruise ship 2025 MSC Cruises STX France unnamed DF unnamed
30   unnamed Cruise ship 2026 MSC Cruises STX France unnamed DF unnamed
31   unnamed Cruise ship 2022 Royal Caribbean Cruises Meyer Turku unnamed DF unnamed
32   unnamed Cruise ship 2024 Royal Caribbean Cruises Meyer Turku unnamed DF unnamed

Source: LNG World Shipping, March 2017

* conversion project

DF: medium-speed, dual-fuel

HPLSDF: high-pressure, low speed dual-fuel

LPLSDF: low-pressure, low-speed dual-fuel

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